Human Trafficking is a crime against humanity. The United Nations Trafficking in Persons Protocol defines trafficking in persons as involving the act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harbouring or receiving a person through the use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploiting them.
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) describes contemporary human trafficking as involuntary servitude, slavery, debt bondage, and forced labour. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims. UNODC, as guardian of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and the Protocols thereto, assists States in their efforts to implement the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons (Trafficking in Persons Protocol).
HUMAN TRAFFICKING FOR SEXUAL EXPLOITATION
The international trafficking of young women and children for sexual exploitation is one of the largest human rights crisis of our day.
Each year an estimated 800,000 women and children are trafficked across international borders or within countries. This global phenomenon of sex slavery or sex trafficking is the exploitation of women and children for the purposes of forced sex. Examples of commercial sexual exploitation include prostitution, strip bars, live sex shows, pornography, and distributing obscene materials. 1
Each year sex traffickers lure, coerce, trick, kidnap, drug and sell millions of vulnerable women and children into the multi-billion USD dollar sex trade. In their daily lives victims of sexual trafficking endure physical brutality, violence, rape, forced abortions and drug and alcohol dependencies. They live in fear of their lives and the lives of their family and friends; suffer acute psychological reactions as a result of their extreme physical and emotional trauma; and the probability of contracting STIs, Hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS.
1 Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons; http://www.state.gov/g/tip
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